The rectum is the last six inches of the large intestine where the stool collects and passes out through the anus. Rectal cancer usually starts as a small abnormality on the surface called a polyp, which grows gradually. Some polyps can become cancerous. There is also a hereditary from of this cancer.
There nay be no symptoms of rectal cancer or only slight ones if any.
Blood in the stool or in the rectum
Lasting diarrhea, constipation or difficulty in bowel movements
Frequent bowel movements
A persistent pressure even after you’ve just had a bowel movement
Weakness, fatigue or weight loss
A case of bleeding rectum or blood in the stool should be brought to the notice of your doctor immediately.
Testing for genetic mutations
Surgery: It is the most common procedure for many stages of rectal cancer. However, many rectal cancers can be treated by a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Chemoptherapy: It may be used with radiation therapy before surgery to shrink the tumour. It may also be given after surgery to kill any cancer cells that remain.
Radiation Therapy: It is also used to shrink the tumour before surgery and to prevent the tumour from growing back after it.